Pest Control Techniques.
Pest is a worldwide problem affecting human race. Insects that destroy produces and other vegetation such as agriculture produce are known as pests. Controlling of pests that disrupt health of human beings, destroy farm produce and vegetation is called pest control. Mice, lice, and mosquitoes are examples of pests that interrupt human health. Progressions in technology and science specialists have established several methods to get rid of the pests. Controlling pests have existed ever since agriculture began. Controlling of herbivores that compete with humans and types of weeds that compete with crops is necessary hence using pest control method. Pest management comprises of a number of steps to control pests. Steps followed are, identification of the type of pest it is, a decision is made about the method to use, and the method is executed to control pests.
The use of parasites and predators in water resources, in agriculture farms, structures to control pests safely for instance use of cat to chase and eat rats and mice then this method is known as biological method. Fumigation is a method of pest control which uses a criteria of moving pets from their structures then sealing those structures and induce a concentrated gas like carbon dioxide to destroy the pests. Suffocation by heat and soil steaming leads to destruction of pests. Repellents are non-toxic oils obtained from trees, for instance, rat repellent such as Balsam fir oil obtained from the tree for pest control. If some unique plants are planted to repel type of pests in a farm containing particular crops, for example, planting onion in a vegetable land then the method is also a biological method.
Chemical method is a pest control method which uses insecticides, pesticides and herbicides to control pests. Space treatment is a method which uses misting or fogging applicators with liquid insecticides that are dispersed into the structures. When rats are trapped and poisoned by a bait it is called poisoned bait. Handheld sprayers are sprayers used to spray pests or structures that are inhabited with pests for instance mosquitoes, weevils and other produce pests, this is a spray method. When destroying ticks pesticides are sprayed on cattle.
Traditional methods are methods used to control pests and weeds without use of chemicals. Burning Fields is a traditional method used to extinguish insects and its eggs in the farms after harvesting. When rats and mice inhabit homes and stores then traps are set to catch them. Different trap designs are used according to their purpose. When you come across an infected crop or infested by pests, uprooting and burning of the crop to destroy pests is a way of controlling pests.
Pest control is an essential factor for health of human beings, pets and crops.